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Cooking Methods

 

 

  Boiling
 

 

Definition:

Boiling is the cooking of foods in a liquid either at, or brought to, boiling point.

 

Although boiling appears to be a simple method of cookery care must be taken to prepare, time and finish the items.

Complex sauces and soups are the result of boiling.

Fine meat dishes are boiled as are many vegetables.

The humble boiled egg must be carefully timed if the ideal consistency is to be achieved be that a lightly cooked Breakfast egg or "oeufs mollet" or a cold hard boiled egg.

 

There are several liquids in which food can be boiled are:

1) water
2) stock
3) a blanc (water with lemon and flour mixed in)
4) court bouillon
5) milk

 

Food can be added to either water which is already boiling, or to cold water which is brought to the boil.  Which method is used depends on what food is being cooked.  If food is added to cold water the natural flavours and nutrients are lost, but this is a good method for producing stocks as it softens hard foods and protects foods which may be damaged or loose their shape in fast boiling water.  Small fillets of fish have their flavour sealed in when dropped into boiling water and proteins will be set.  This method also preserves the colour of food and can reduce the overall cooking times.  

Root vegetables with the exception of new potatoes should always be placed in cold water and brought to the boil.  All other vegetables should be added to water which is already boiling.

 

Advantages

Older, tougher, cheaper joints of meat and poultry can be made palatable and digestible

It is appropriate for large-scale cookery

It is economic on fuel

Nutritious, well flavoured stock is produced

It is labour saving, as it requires little attention

It is safe and simple

Maximum colour and nutritional value is retained when cooking green vegetables, provided boiling time is kept to the minimum

 

Disadvantages

Foods can look unattractive and dull as colour is lost

It can be a slow method

There is a loss of soluble vitamins in the water

 

 Foods suitable for boiling:

 

Stocks              beef, mutton, chicken, fish

Glazes              fish, meat

Sauces             brown, white, curry, jam

Soups              tomato, lentil

Eggs

Farinaceous     pasta, noodles

Fish                  cod, turbot, salmon

Meat                 beef silverside, leg of mutton, joint of bacon

Vegetables       carrots, cabbage, potatoes